We’re aware that people harm themselves on psychotropic drugs. Jules is the Policy Director for the Centre for the History of the Emotions, and co-editor of the History of Emotions Blog. We can use philosophy to help us figure out how to improve the world, improve ourselves, and have better relationships. When you do this, you will … A Conversation with Jacqueline Gold CBE, Chief Executive of Ann Summers & Knickerbox. We all have philosophies which form the basis for our motivations and what we do with our days. Why study it? His philosophy is outdated and not applicable to our current human condition. Psychology is particularly of great importance as it relates to the study of mental processes and behavior at the same time. It can’t just be this kind of French existentialist idea of a nice conversation once a week in a café. Philosophy as a named activity, is quite recent in human history- and is the attempt to examine these instinctive and automatic motivations and say, ‘is this definitely wise?’, ‘is this coherent?’. Press J to jump to the feed. People, artists and scientists have sometimes used kind of ecstatic techniques for their muse or inspiration. One can indeed discover provoking insights from analyzing daily activities. The same may be said of the others. So, focusing on what’s in your control and accepting for the time being what’s beyond your control is a really useful therapeutic idea. I won't comment on whether I think those two things are related :). It is a movement from thinking about life to letting thought be thought by life. Jules has talked about philosophy on BBC 2’s Newsnight, the Culture Show, on BBC Radio 3 and 4, RTE-1 and ABC Australia; and am a BBC New Generation Thinker. There’s an end of history fallacy where you can take this kind of secular humanism as the end point of human history. Examining these beliefs and saying, ‘is that definitely true?’ and kind of unpicking that cocoon. Theology pin point a method or procedure by which you can walk in your religion and the law proof the full conduct of the rule that govern your daily living in our environment or society. Copyright © 2006 — 2020 Thought Economics Thought Economics, Swiscot House, 5 Pacific Way, Salford, M50 1DL. Question: How is philosophy valuable in our daily lives? This is fair since academic philosophy is conceived of as, well, academic in the same sense that anthropology, economics, etc. I masturbate and annoy everyone around me by quoting Kant too often. We, as humans, can get stuck in loops of self-rumination and negative thoughts about ourselves and about the world. Our sense of time, and ability to communicate across it with language means that our perspective of existence is lacking in the immediacy of other species. The Uses of Philosophy in Today's World Rick Garlikov. One is through rational philosophy. He writes regularly about the politics and philosophy of wellbeing on his blog. This question gets asked a lot, and very often the replies are basically to the effect of "philosophy doesn't impact my everyday life besides to the extent that I do philosophy every day." I'm not a professional philosopher, but every time my friends would visit a psychotherapist to be indoctrinated with badly interpreted dubious theories, I just read Epictetus. Philosophy is embedded in everything. It’s a moment where you go beyond your ordinary sense of self and feel connected to something great and new; that could be god, it could be nature, it could be some kind of deeper state of mind, it could be other people. It is a practical philosophy that can help us transform our images of thought. dphilo November 30, 2020 No Comments Ancient philosophy Arguments Aristotle Happiness History of philosophy There is a passage (Nicomachean Ethics, Book I) where Aristotle is concerned with finding out what “the good” is. Do we have places people can go for healthy ecstatic experiences rather than toxic experiences? We can sometimes think we’re very late in human history, but we’re still just at the beginning. Studying philosophy sharpened my critical thinking skills and gave me a solid toolset to approach things I read, evaluate what I hear, etc. It can cost people a huge amount of money, and yet there’s not always a clear understanding either in students’ minds or in the institutions’ minds of what they are actually trying to do here, what is the university for? This question gets asked a lot, and very often the replies are basically to the effect of "philosophy doesn't impact my everyday life besides to the extent that I do philosophy every day." So for me, it made me a more rational, open-minded and empathetic person. Ecstasy gives you that ability to break out when you’re stuck in a negative toxic mood. You might just be barking up the wrong tree: looking to "live one's philosophy" in academic philosophy is pretty much guaranteed to be fruitless because academic philosophers are rarely ever in the business of doing that. Objectivism in one’s daily life. Vikas S. Shah MBE is an award winning entrepreneur, strategist and educator who has built businesses in diverse sectors around the world for almost 20 years. Or perhaps just less communist. It also seems to me that your description might not encompass some types of philosophy departments; I'd think specializing in continental marxism, for instance, would very much compel one to, in some manner, 'live one's philosophy.' Our mind is our home; it’s where we live. His first book, Philosophy for Life and Other Dangerous Situations, explored how people are rediscovering ancient Greek and Roman philosophies and how Greek philosophy (partiularly Stoicism) inspired Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT). Aristotle’s Highest Good What do we actually want from life? His research interests cover therapeutic practices from ancient philosophies and wisdom traditions, how individuals and organisations use them today, and how they inform public policy ideas of well-being, resilience, flourishing and transcendence. It can actually be stimulating and fun. Signup to my newsletter. of Communication, Ancient, Continental. As it turns out, philosophy does not have to be a big snooze-fest. I have to disentangle a ton of philosophical assumptions, because many popular science writers, in particular, subscribe to a particular philosophical view and then present it as the Holy Gospel, because Science. Applications of Philosophy. A Conversation with Kalki Koechlin – Actress, Writer, Producer & Activist. Philosophy is a stimulating way to do that. And part of that is destigmatising the ecstatic and the transcendent and recognising this is a fundamental human urge and not something backwards or regressive or shameful. Even if we are not doing a fun activity, there is so much to think about. Did you ever whip out the quadratic formula on a napkin in a restaurant to help calculate the tip? Thought Economics also features world-class opinion editorials on the issues that matter. We also learn life philosophy from … Coronavirus: How can philosophy help us in this time of crisis? Right, now to answer your question; How do we use philosophy in everyday life? That's not exactly a criticism of academic philosophy (heck, I am in academia at the moment!) I have the impression that academic philosophers specializing in some fields, e.g. You go to some kind of festival, or ritual at church, together and you feel bonded at a sub-rational, emotional level. PHILOSOPHY is a study that seeks to understand the mysteries of existence and reality. But it’s boring, you say. We’re aware that a lot of people who joined communes ended up brainwashed in toxic cults. And I'd probably be much more conservative than I currently am. My TEDX talk on practical philosophy has over 120,000 hits. So, I think where we are as a culture, and what I was asking in my book is, the question is not should humans have outlets for ecstasy? [Jules Evans] As humans, we often have experiences which- by their nature- put us into a state that is difficult to describe in words. /r/askphilosophy aims to provide serious, well-researched answers to philosophical questions. Q:  What does it mean to have a good life? It tries to discover the nature of truth and knowledge and to find what is of basic value and importance in life. In Christianity, one of the … This can take a number of forms including reflective practice, personal philosophical thinking and philosophical counselling. We are recognised for our exclusive one to one interviews with the individuals who have shaped our world, are shaping our future, and impact every aspect of our lives. I’ve been looking at universities, and the idea of what a university is for which is actually not a question that is asked that often. How to find a useful life philosophy. Most knowledge in every dis… Philosophy, in the sense I am discussing it here, is the sustained, systematic, reflective thinking about concepts and beliefs in any subject to see what is clear (i.e., intelligible) and reasonable to believe about it, and why. Secondly, Stoicism notes that you can’t control what happens to you, you can only control how you react to it. The other is through ecstatic experiences which shift your consciousness somehow through a kind of shock. To understand more about the role of philosophy in our lives, I spoke to Jules Evans Policy Director of the Centre for the History of Emotions at Queen Mary University of London. "live everyday like it's your life"? We’re now in the era of mass Higher Education where close to 40% of the population goes to university. I don't have any of those. In the context of philosophy, Tao (the Way) is the natural order of the universe. Insanity is doing the same thing over and over and expecting a different result. By entering your email address you agree to receive emails from us. Both of them are important, and both of them are healing. What do exist are philosophical studies of essentially autonomous topics, such as our behaviour and our attitudes to others; what is valid when we use our faculties of deduction; the problem of knowing anything for sure; our tastes; and our need for meaning in life – corresponding to what are called the ‘branches of philosophy’: ethics, logic, epistemology, aesthetics and metaphysics. It’s called things like hysteria, psychosis, enthusiasm (which was a kind of bad thing in the enlightenment, it meant an accident). It also seems to me that learning about 'naive'/'folk' theories is philosophically relevant, making me interested in the non-academic opinions of people on philosophical subjects. I don't think my philosophical beliefs tend to change my day-to-day actions/decisions, but philosophy has definitely impacted my perceptions. Donald Trump has a philosophy, Walmart will have a philosophy, Playboy magazine will have a philosophy, your next-door neighbour will have a philosophy… but for most of us, those philosophies are unexamined and more or less automatic and instinctual. Understanding our context, our place in that context as individuals and as societies has been an ever-present part of our intellectual discourse for thousands of years forming the basis of practically every aspect of our culture. Whilst some animals exhibit a sense of cause and effect, and some degree of planning and even some levels of abstract thinking, it is this sense- and understanding- of our place in the arc of time which, perhaps, created the necessity for humans to understand not just the dynamic of our existence- but the context. Philosophy in our daily lifes Essay This kind of essay can discuss just how can we apply metaphysics to our daily life since students, which includes activities and … Using logic to break down ideas and problem solve. [Jules Evans] I’m from a tradition called virtue ethics in philosophy, which is this idea that philosophy can help people flourish, and that in some sense, the aim of human life is flourishing. are academic, and you'd get that same answer if you asked economists how they use economics in their everyday life. Another way of define ethnic is the way of discipline which focuses on our daily conduct or standard that teaches some aspect of educational levels such as theology, sociology, Para legal, philosophy etc. Tim Maudlin: Well if you ask me about what philosophy is, to be engrained, like what – there are … appreciating the beauty of life or the things around you, there is beauty in everything - aesthetics and zen buddhism. And I think philosophy helps to keep us wondering and to remind us about what we don’t know. Today, I think we are trying to integrate these kinds of ecstatic experiences after that shock of the 1960s where I think we realised that often these new ecstatic practices were dangerous as well. I think there is a point to human life, which is not something just invented by humans but more like a kind of cosmic point- perhaps to develop consciousness and wisdom. By Thomas M. Miovas, Jr. 04/27/2012 . The 60s changed something in Western culture and there was a kind of explosion of ecstatic practices- things like psychedelics, rock and roll, Eastern practices. I went to interview the people who invented CBT, two psychologists called Albert Ellis and Aaron Beck, and found that their inspiration for this therapy, which now helps millions of people, was Ancient Greek philosophy, and particularly the ideas from Stoic philosophy, Socrates, and the Epicureans. It’s disconcerting to remind ourselves of that. I think it is useful to remind ourselves sometimes that we’re not sure why we’re here, and we’re not sure about the nature of being human, or the nature of reality. Socrates said ‘I teach my student how to take care of their souls’, which is where the word psychotherapy comes from. After all, self-reflection and examination can transform an enjoyable day into a frustrating one. The Tao just is, and understanding it comes to an individual through their own learning experiences. Like, in the sense of having a personal philosophy qua maxim for living, e.g. Individual flourishing, flourishing societies and also flourishing nature. [Jules Evans] If you dig deep enough into the history of any public institution, you uncover some kind of philosophical ideal, or a response to a particular kind of cultural problem-  the reason for the institution, and what it was formed to do. Cicero said, ‘there’s a medical art for the soul, and its name is philosophy’. arriving at rational decisions - logic. So that’s an empowering thing, to feel part of this long, great tradition of wisdom. Q: Can philosophy help us understand our public institutions? [Jules Evans] I first became interested in Ancient Greek philosophy in my 20s, at a time where I was receiving cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) which helped me a lot when I had some emotional problems. It is difficult to talk about the "practical use" of almost any piece of knowledge out of context. Jules also helps to run the London Philosophy Club, which is the biggest philosophy club in the world, with 6,000 members. In fact, thinking more about ethical theory may even change your mind about issues in today’s world. Now, not everybody will agree that the life worth living must be examined. You might be interested in Pierre Hadot's book Philosophy as a Way of Life: Spiritual Exercises from Socrates to Foucault. I suppose I’m more like a Platonist or a mystic in the sense that I think we are part of something much bigger that we barely understand. Greek philosophers had this idea that philosophy has to be a daily practice. It was a Times book of the year. Our imagination is utilized all the time, whether we realize it or not. If you think that the only possible “use” of philosophy would be to provide a foundation for beliefs that need no foundation, then the conclusion that philosophy is of little importance for everyday life follows immediately. This was the period when humans changed from ‘we do this because this is the way it’s always been done, this is the way the gods told us to do things, this is the way your elders did it so therefore that’s just how it is and you’ll be punished by the gods if you don’t do it that way’, to an active, conscious rational way of thinking: ‘Why?’, ‘Why like this?’, ‘Is this definitely the best way?’ and that’s a radical moment in human history… Socrates didn’t last very long when he started doing this kind of questioning and was sentenced to death. Like Epictetus says, it’s no good if you just do philosophy in the classroom, you’re kind of shipwrecked when you head out into the street. but it's something that needs to be said in these sorts of discussions, which are (typically) initiated by someone who's got at least one foot out the door from academia. Philosophy as defined from its Greek etymology is the love of wisdom and lot of civilization have its fair share of having its own principle as philosophy in life. We are taught life philosophy through popular media; through TV, magazines, blogs, YouTube, social media, etc. Aristotle calls this telos, or its end. Psychology is also applied in our daily lives and in many things. Some philosophy will be negative and this has such a detrimental effect on our lives that it destroys ambition and therefore life can be deemed to be miserable. Everyone has their own philosophy of life; every institution has a philosophy. Epictetus said what causes men suffering is not events, but their opinion about events. [Jules Evans] Our ability to do philosophy is one of the things that distinguishes us from other animals- in some ways, it is that which makes us sapiens, ‘wise monkeys’. Just asking yourself questions, ‘why am I reacting so strongly to this?’, ‘what’s going on?’, ‘what’s the belief or opinion underlying this strong emotional reaction?’ and ‘is it definitely true?’ can change your beliefs or opinions or your attitude, and that will change your emotions. without logic we would be doing just that. In our culture, particularly in the last 300-500 years in Western culture, people have become much, much more ambivalent (if not hostile) to ecstatic experiences. Cheating is the opposite of honest behavior, which is why we should avoid this type of behavior in order to live morally. Using Philosophy in Daily Life. Philosophy in Life Philosophy have always been part of human development and improvement in most many aspects like in moral, ethics, business and others. I use the word ecstasy, which people think means being very, very happy- but in Ancient Greek it means ecstatic, which means standing outside. So, true philosophy is to love wisdom, grow in wisdom, and apply this wisdom in the context of school (your case), and work. This also involves going out and practicing in real life situations. Not a philosopher here but I'm answering in hopes to encourage whoever you are -- a janitor, a scientist, a lawyer, or a single mother -- that even some light reading in philosophy allows you to consider a position in an argument from a perspective that you would normally deem absurd. caring for others - ethics and phenomenology Within the context of Higher Education, people might think ‘that sounds very strange, a new wishy-washy idea’ but when you look back at the history of Higher Education, and the history of universities going all the way back 2400 years to Plato’s academy or the university of Nalanda, India, which was even earlier – it’s been an accepted that one of the roles of universities is to help people flourish, and to develop their character. We can sometimes think we’re very late in human history, but we’re still just at the beginning. However, we never have to feel that life is boring. I try to build it as a big church for people who believe that that flourishing involves god or some kind of higher power, and people who don’t. He has spoken at events including the Month of Philosophy in Amsterdam, the Hay-On-Wye festival, the Galway Arts Festival, the Faculty of Public Health, Latitude, the Sunday Assembly, the British Museum and the RSA. Greek philosophy is full of these little sound bites which you repeat over and over until they become part of your automatic self-talk. Q:  What is the role of ecstatic and extreme experiences in our lives? So sometimes they’re more like trough experiences. It’s hard to understand, you say. We’re aware that some ecstatic movements are kind of violent and toxic like football hooliganism or Islamic extremism or the far right. It’s useful to try and uncover what institutions were set-up to achieve philosophically to understand if they’re still doing what they were intended to. We can date the origins of this type of philosophy to Socrates 2500 years ago which is very recent in the history of homo sapiens. A practical philosophy, not just the one presented here, can help us get better in touch with what happens, strengthening our relationship with life. In fact, I can conceive of no single piece of knowledge is universally beneficial. A Conversation with Christiana Figueres, one of the architects of the Paris Agreement & Co-Founder of Global Optimism. We can use our minds to explore different aspects of life. Yet, even in this scenario, one would at the very least have enriched their life with melodrama. We’re a culture that’s very much about individual autonomy, and ecstasy is (in some ways) the opposite of that – it’s about surrendering control. Not sure what you mean by "had a different philosophy." There’s an end of history fallacy where you can take this kind of secular humanism as the end point of human history. What decisions would be different if you didn't study philosophy? Throughout history, ecstatic rituals and ceremonies have been important ways in which people have bonded, particularly in cities where they might otherwise feel rather alienated. Of course, we then make decisions based on this philosophy and we become a great success or failure in what we do based on how we deal with this. That piece of wisdom is very useful because it gives you some ability to have control over your emotions. Q: What is the role of ancient philosophy in our well-being? It helps us solve our problems -mundane or abstract, and it helps us make better decisions by developing our critical thinking (very important in the age of disinformation). 3 - Respect our lives and the lives of others . For healthy transcendence that’s good for individuals and that’s good for their culture. of science, Wittgenstein. Has any philosopher written about the philosophy of child porn? Other animals definitely question why they do things a certain way, and try to find strategies that are more intelligent to meet goals (such as developing tools) and whilst you could say this is ‘philosophising,’ only humans seem to have developed this capacity for higher order questioning…. With practice, your philosophy becomes automatic habit, it becomes ingrained. It also examines the relationships between humanity and … thinking about yourself and how you can put essence in your life - existentialism. Let't say you're debating the taboo topic of child pornography or the subject of hate speech, now most of us would resort to our emotional responses, which cloud rationality and reason (which in itself is not always necessarily a bad thing), but with a philosophical approach it really allows you to address the questions in a calm manner, considering alternative solutions without allowing your anger to simply jump to your instinctual response. skills are holistic and can be applied in every domain of our life. Stopped supporting animal-industries. early analytic, Wittgenstein, continental, psychoanalysis, continental, critical theory, Phil. Whenever we make decisions, we imagine possible consequences of each choice, whether the decision is an easy or a tough one. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, More posts from the askphilosophy community. I check r/askphilosophy perhaps too often. feminism or some french philosophy, tend to very directly (and not rarely) incorporate some sort of activism in their routine. These impressions might only be due to my limited experience with academia, however. Practical Philosophy is also the use of philosophy and philosophical techniques in everyday life. It helps you create new ideas to improve your life. Although I'm not an expert on ethics, I think some familiarity with philosophy changed my buying habits, especially regarding food. Firstly, our emotions are connected to our beliefs and opinions. It’s not just about helping you to be happy, but also this kind of slightly discomforting thing of reminding us of what we don’t know. What actual real life decisions that you have made would have been different if you had a different philosophy? Does that count? We get cocooned into this rumination, and I think there are two ways to get out. Alongside this, he has written for publications including the Financial Times, The Times, the Guardian, the Spectator and WIRED. To learn to “make sense” means we can “make sense” in our personal life and figure out what mistakes we have been making day to day. A Conversation with Former Seal Team Six Leader Robert O’Neill, the Man Who Fired the Shots That Killed Osama Bin Laden. You may unsubscribe at anytime and your email address will never be shared. While most religions teach dogma and philosophies that shape and define people, Tao is the opposite. People sometimes talk about these being religious experiences (which is how William James described them), but that’s not quite right because they don’t always happen within a religious context, and they don’t always involve encounters with Gods. British culture now is extremely kind of secular, but I try to kind of develop a model of the good life which is a meeting place for both theists and atheists and agnostics. Psychiatry in particular has tended to be very hostile to ecstatic experiences and to interpret them as disorders or illnesses. The idea of losing control is seen as dangerous and shameful and ignorant… the idea of connecting to some kind of spiritual dimension has become seen as ignorant and embarrassing. What is a philosophy for everyday life? However, they do form the history of current philosophy and as such we need to be aware of them if we desire to study philosophy to any degree. It has to be a kind of, daily practice. People find a sense of meaning, a sense of connection to the universe, a sense of connection to something beyond death. By continuing to use our site, we assume you are OK with that.