Vehicles that cause more noise than the limit should be banned from plying on the main routes in residential areas. And, the law-enforcement agencies should act without any fear against all those willfully producing noise pollution to the detriment of environment. The exposure of workers to industrial noise has been addressed since 1930 in India. For example, applying iron core material with low magnetostriction property can control the vibration and noise,. In commercial, hospital, and industrial buildings, adequate soundproof systems should be installed. In case of high-sound producing machines, we can go for sound-proof buildings and equip the staff handling these machines with sound absorber ear devices. Controlling the Spread 5. google_ad_slot = "1982849078"; It's important to control for noise pollution, as too much noise can harm human health, alter animal behavior, and even cause structural damage. This is possible if working methods are improved by: (a) Designing, fabricating and using quieter machines to replace the noisy ones. mode: 'thumbnails-rr', Structure of the human ear. We should use better and updated designed engines for transport vehicles such as buses, trains, cars, trucks, and airplanes which reduce noise pollution in the city. 5. Some of these measures could be: (a) Minimum use of loudspeakers and amplifiers especially near silence zones. CONTROLLING NOISE POLLUTION Noise is a common subject of complaint in Hong Kong and reducing it has been a priority for the EPD since the department was established in 1986. Contents: Introduction to Building Noise Sources of Building Noise Controlling the Source of Noise Controlling the Spread of Noise Building Noise Exposure Standards for […] Content Guidelines 2. Severe noise pollution causes: Pupullary dilation; Impairment of night vision and ; Decrease in rate of colour perception; Control measures: SOURCE CONTROL: This includes source modification such as acoustic treatment to machine surface, design changes, limiting operational timings, etc Aircraft noise can be reduced to some extent by the design of quieter jet. He headed the editorial team of 'Sahara Time', a 48-page general interest English weekly newspaper, and later, handled a 24x7 online wing www.samaylive.com. can be fixed on walls, ceil­ings, floors etc. Noise Exposure 6. Image Guidelines 5. Lecture 11 Causes, effects and control of noise and thermal pollution. Privacy Policy 8. must be provided to reduce occupa­tional exposure. For reducing noise, this space (jamb frame gap) should be packed with sound absorbing material. Nowadays, some commercial organizations and NGOs are taking up the responsibility of the development and maintenance of parks in urban areas which shows that more and more people are now environmentally conscious. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. The Noise Pollution Control Rule was amended in the year 2000 by the Indian Government to tackle and restrain noise pollution and it was made a part of The Environment Protection Act, 1996. Hazardous noise can be controlled by reducing the noise output at its source, minimizing the noise as it travels along a path to the listener, and providing equipment to the listener or receiver to attenuate the noise. This means that individuals and commercial entities should not take steps that harm the environment. Noise pollution, also known as environmental noise or sound pollution, is the propagation of noise with ranging impacts on the activity of human or animal life, most of them harmful to a degree.The source of outdoor noise worldwide is mainly caused by machines, transport, and propagation systems. The other method is by controlling the transmission path of vibration and noise. Such legislation establishes maximum noise levels for various types of vehicles on a quantitative basis, e.g., maximum sound level in dB (A) measured at a specific distance. Increasing noise pollution is very harmful for the health, efficiency and productivity of animals, organisms, flora etc. google_ad_width = 300; Noise is typically regarded as a nuisance rather than a health hazard or safety issue, so noise issues are given lower priority. It depends on the intensity and duration of the sound level. Enforcement of Noise Pollution Control Laws Where noise pollution laws and restrictions are in place, enforcement is often inconsistent. Since the menace of noise pollution is impacting the lives of humans and animals, so there is a need to take into consideration noise pollution control methods. Therefore, it is necessary to ensure control of noise pollution. Protection from noise pollution To be aware of the kind of noises around oneself Since it is a subtle form of pollution it is important to create awareness of it especially among those living or working in spaces like noisy factories, industries, airports, railways, construction … Honking in public places like teaching institutes, hospital, etc. In general, there are two ways to control vibration and noise of transformers. Medium to heavy trucks are 10–18 decibels (dB) louder than passenger cars [27]. Administrative controls should be used when it is not possible to reduce noise exposure through elimination, substitution or engineering noise … In fact, they should come forward for the control of noise pollution created by humans. Planting green trees and shrubs along roads, hospitals, educational institutions etc. Upgradation in motor engines and other high sound-producing machines, establishing industries away from residential or urban settlements, providing industrial workers with ear-plugs, periodical checking of the silencers of vehicles, ban on band, musical instruments, and loudspeakers are some important ways to reduce noise pollution. Individuals can contribute in reduction of noise pollution by using low noise emitting machines and equipment. The optical system of human beings is also affected by noise pollution. Copyright 10. The specific objectives of noise management are to develop criteria for the maximum safe noise exposure levels, and to promote noise assessment and control as part of environmental health programmes. Control of Noise Pollution: a. The Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) has stipulated noise standard norms for fireworks during festivals. This means people should be made aware about the causes of environmental pollution, so that they voluntarily come forward to protect the environment rather than harming it. Some of the ways to control noise pollution are as follows: (1) Control at Receiver’s End (2) Suppression of Noise at Source (3) Acoustic Zoning (4) Sound Insulation at Construction Stages (5) Planting of Trees (6) Legislative Measures. He was also a senior editor with Exchange4media group’s real estate magazine 'Realty Plus', and prior to that Consulting Editor with 'Geopolitics', a magazine on defence and strategic affairs. According to its notification, firecrackers of more 125 dB (AI) or 145 dB sound level up to four meters from the point of detonation are prohibited. The Supreme Court has given instructions that those bursting crackers after 10 pm during festivals and other functions will be strictly dealt with. The initiative for it was taken in the decade of 1970 and 1980 at global level. Noise pollution can be controlled by designing, fabricating and using quieter machines to replace noise levels. In 1970, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) sponsored residential retrofit (insulation) programmes achieved success in reducing interior noise of thousands of residential homes across the United States. Atmospheric pollution is not the only type of contamination that is harming living beings on the planet. Standards. If it is not possible to prevent pollution, at least remedial steps should be taken. 5 mins, 1 hr or 12 hrs. After reading this article you will learn about:- 1. This requires that people and businesses should comply with all the rules framed by the government relating to pollution control. Noise pollution. to reduce noise (especially for sound proof recording rooms etc.). 1.4Noise and environmental nuisance can also be controlled through the prior consent principle under the Control of Pollution Act 1974 Section 61 and also through the … window._taboola = window._taboola || []; should be banned. The presence of high-intensity undesirable sound or noise in the atmosphere is called “noise pollution” that has extremely harmful effect on the environment. Ltd. | 2017 All Rights Reserved. Approaches to noise control. Musical instruments sound should be controlled to desirable limits. Section 2(a) air pollution means any solid, liquid or gaseous substance including noise present in the atmosphere such concentration as may be or tent to injurious to human beings or other living creatures or plants or property or environment. making a layer of damping material (rubber, neoprene, cork or plas­tic) beneath the machine. Noise pollution prevention and control tips-15 cool tips for avoiding noise pollution Avoid honking – As roadside traffic is a significant source of traffic, so people need to avoid honking. People of the country should display the determination to report any instance of the violations of the prescribed limits of sound and the time beyond which no noise can be tolerated. In fact, there is a provision to impose a fine of Rs one lakh or five years’ jail, or both, under the Environmental Protection Act, 1986, and Section 290 and 291 of the IPC. Administrative controls are the way work is organised to reduce either the number of workers who are exposed or the length of time they are exposed to noise. Currently, he lends his professional expertise to several publications and websites in content planning, commissioning, writing, and editing. It may not seem as insidious or harmful as the contamination of drinking water supplies from hazardous (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); . Vishal Duggal possesses over two decades of journalistic experience across print and web domains. Strict legislative measures need to be enforced to curb the menace of noise pol­lution. For example, conducting awareness programmes on a vast scale to cover the length and breadth of the country. (b) Banning pressure horns in automobiles. These include reduce noise at the source, block the path of noise, increase the path length, and protect the recipient. There should be silence zones near the residential areas, educational institu­tions and above all, near hospitals. We can take three kinds of measures to control noise pollution: preventive, curative and awareness-building measures. Planting trees is an example of this initiative. Noise pollution control is therefore important in the workplace and in the community. Disclaimer 9. help in noise reduction to a considerable extent. Noise is perhaps one of the most undesirable by products of modern mechanized lifestyle. A simple habit that we can follow is desisting from pressing the horn of our vehicles too frequently. An important factor in implementing these strategies is the computer model for roadway noise which is capable of defining local climate, weather (meteorology), conducting traffic operations and hypothetical mitigation in noise pollution. Like all other pollutions, noise pollution needs to be controlled by measures which will maintain the ac­ceptable levels of noise pollution for human beings and buildings as indicated. Content Filtrations 6. Here we have mentioned some of the best control measures that a person can use to eradicate the various types of noise pollution. Controlling vibration and noise sources is one such method. Prohibited Content 3. Under this rule, the government categorised territories as industrial, commercial and residential areas and the noise standard for such categorised territories were specified under this rule. The noise pollution produced by friction of trains can be reduced by building soundproof rail paths. 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