2008;24(2):104–7. The reliability of the questionnaire was determined using Cronbach’s alpha test (r = 0.81) for the knowledge section and (r = 0.79) for practice section. CDC/NHSN surveillance definition of health care-associated infection and criteria for specific types of infections in the acute care setting The overall nurses’ practices on different infection prevention and control measures. Score of staff nurses about nosocomial infection … DISCUSSION Exposure to infectious diseases is one of the most frequently identified occupational hazards facing health care workers. H1: The mean post test knowledge score of staff nurses in ICU significantly than mean pre-test knowledge scores regarding nosocomial infection. Background: Health care professionals are constantly exposed to microorganisms. [12] in Northern Nigeria and Shamaa and Talaat [15] in Egypt and Isara and Ofili [22] in the Federal Medical center. PubMed  PubMed  2016;8(3):193. Materials and Methods: The sample of this descriptive study consisted of a total of 208 students, studying nursing in the 2nd, 3rd and 4th year of a … -3 Analysis of the data for level of knowledge of staff nurses related to Nosocomial infection shows that 76.66% (46) has good knowledge, 23.33% (14) has average knowledge and no one has poor knowledge. Brathwaite AR, [PubMed], Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under [PubMed], Raeis Karimian F, Rostami Nejad A. Almost two thirds of the participants were found to have fair (27.1%) and good (35.3%) levels of knowledge on personal protective equipment. BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSIs), a type of nosocomial infection, are a leading cause of morbidity and death and increase the overall cost of care. Herruzo R, Molassiotis A, Knowledge and self-perceived practices regarding infection control among nursing students of a tertiary care hospital. Esmaeil Mohammadnejad There is a need to develop a system of continuous education for all the categories of nursing staff. NIs increase patients’ morbidity, mortality, the length of hospital stay, and treatment cost (Ginny [17]). 2012;2(3):1–5. Descriptive statistics was applied (percent and number). Despite the attempts to prevent such infections, the problem continues to cause death and increase the costs of sanitary treatments (2-5). The study covered a period from April 2016 to May 2016. According to the obtained results, the majority of nurses participating in the study had an intermediate level of knowledge and practice of infection control. However, our result is inconsistent with this previous study concerning the gender as El-Sayed et al. , J Nurs Health Sci. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS (version 22.0). [PubMed], Mohammad Nejad E, Jafari S, Mahmoodi M, Begjani J, Roghayyeh Ehsani S, Rabirad N. Hepatitis B virus antibody levels in high-risk health care workers. Hospital acquired infections (HAIs), or commonly known as nosocomial infections, are infection acquired from the hospital by patients who are admitted for other reasons. Albarrak AM, Such different levels of knowledge among nurses in these different studies might be due to the inadequacy of infection prevention and control training’ education, as it was found that those nurses who attended in-service training courses achieved a high knowledge scores [25]. 2002; 39(2) : 157 Armaghan-e-denesh J. A 45-item questionnaire was used to assess knowledge and practices regarding nosocomial infection control measures among the study subjects. The first tool is an infection control precautions questionnaire which will be used to asses the knowledge of nurses regarding infection control in a surgical unit. Therefore, they are more exposed to various NIs [10]. Am J Clin Dermatol. 2009; 37(10) : 827 This discrepancy in results could be due to the difference in participants’ attitudes towards utilizing infection control measure methods. [20] in regard to nursing diploma. Knowledge of, and nurse practice focused on, the prevention of SSIs have not been studied well in Ethiopia, especially in our area. A quantitative survey approach with non-experimental descriptive design was undertaken for this study. α. Abstract- Background: Nurses play an important role in reducing nosocomial infection. All the authors contributed in the data interpretation, reviewing and drafting the manuscript, and approved the final manuscript. Kalantarzadeh Data analysis was performed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS v.16.0; SPSS Inc., Chicago, Illinois, USA). et al. However, only 85 questionnaires were filled completely and included in the final analysis. To conduct the current study permission was obtained from the Ethics Committee of the Imam Khomeini Complex Hospital. Objectives: Some 1% of these infections are mortal and some 4% contribute to patients' deaths (10). [PubMed], Moghaddasian S, Zamanzadeh V, Parvan K, Allah Bakhshian M. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of ICU Nurse about Nosocomial infection control in Teaching Hospital of Tabriz. -6 [DOI], Tavolacci MP, Ladner J, Bailly L, Merle V, Pitrou I, Czernichow P. Prevention of nosocomial infection and standard precautions: knowledge and source of information among healthcare students. 2001; 29(1) : 169 A p value of ≤ 0.05 was taken as statistically significant. Cookies policy. J Hosp Infect. volume 3, Article number: 16 (2017) Copyright © 2014, Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Research Center. Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 196 nurses in governmental, and private hospitals of Sana'a city, Yemen. [DOI][PubMed], Bennett N, Boardman C, Bull A, Richards M, Russo P, Clin Epid M. Educating Smaller Rural Hospital Infection Control (IC) Nurses, Victoria, Australia. To measure students' knowledge of infection control and their sources of information, 6 multiple-choice questions were asked about 3 specific areas: standard precautions, hand hygiene, and nosocomial infection. Knowledge, Attitude, and Compliance of Healthcare-associated Infection Control among Nurses in the Western Development Region, Nepal. Glob J Health Sci. In the Yemeni healthcare setting, basic infection control measures are necessary to reduce the rates of hospital-associated infections. [PubMed], Bota R, Jamali MS, Azeem Q. Also the result showed that (75.8%) had intermediate level of performance in this field. -98 Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License. The processes and procedures involved in the operations can endanger the life of the patient significantly. More details are given in Table 3. 2008; 9(5) : 342 GGA was responsible for the data collection and analysis. Stein AD, Makarawo TP, Ahmad MF: A survey of doctors' and nurses' knowledge, attitudes and compliance with infection control guidelines in Birmingham teaching hospitals. A 45-item questionnaire was used to assess knowledge and practices regarding nosocomial infection control measures among the study subjects. PubMed Google Scholar. Iran J Med Sci. 3. Safety in Health However, all of the nurses had poorly practice of hand washing before and after patient care. It could also be either due to the difference in the operational definition of the good practice from one study to another study or due to the difference in knowledge of the nurses regarding infection prevention and control. The results of the current study showed that the majority (87%) of the participants had a fair level of knowledge on the different NI preventive measures. Am J Infect Control. The current study aimed to evaluate the level of knowledge regarding nosocomial infection among healthcare students. Google Scholar. The studies on nurses` behavior based on their self-reporting, reported a higher level of practice compared to those studies on the basis of observed behavior. Nurses' knowledge and early recognition of risk factors for the development of phlebitis can reduce complications, which improves the ... 69.9% of the respondents knew patients were on high risk to get a nosocomial infection when receiving IV therapy. 1994; 20(2) : 275 Nurse’s lack of knowledge about infection prevention and proper nursing care may become barrier to Prevent VAP. Ward E, Furthermore, the results revealed that almost above half (61.2%) of the participants were male holding nursing diploma (60%), which corroborates what was reported by El-Sayed et al. Am J Infect Control. The results of this research showed that despite their knowledge regarding the necessity of hand hygiene nurses did not observe hand hygiene in the treatment procedures. 2013; 41(11) : 1143 This study was... Introduction. Therefore it is necessary that the health care work should have awareness about the nosocomial infection. Assessment of infection control knowledge, attitude and practice among healthcare workers during the Hajj period of the Islamic year 1423 (2003). Treatment measures and therapy cares are concomitant with positive and have unfavorable determinants and consequences of any economic, productive, sanitary, environmental and social performance. A total of 100 questionnaire were distributed, 50 in each hospital. Eskander HG, Morsy WY, Elfeky HA. The results of the study showed that the majority (72.9%) of the Yemeni nurses had a fair level of knowledge on hand hygiene, while almost above of the third (35.3%) had a good level of knowledge on PPE. Therefore, generalizability of the results needs to be taken with caution. Int J Occup Environ Med. 2014 This study was undertaken to assess the knowledge level and practice f the staff nurses to control nosocomial infection. Hospital personnel, especially the nurses play an important role in spreading the infection and they are considered as key members of managing and controlling the hospital infections; therefore, nurses must have correct, up-to-date and appropriate scientific information regarding varieties of hospital infections, their effects on afflicting patients, death toll and increased hospital costs, recognition of people at risk and also the criteria to prevent and control (15). Alrubaiee, G., Baharom, A., Shahar, H.K. The percentage score was calculated as total achieved scores divided by total maximum scores. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted from April to May 2016. It will contain eight questions about MRSA infection and 23 questions on standard precaution measures in a surgical unit. -28, Otani K, Kurz RS. , Discussion: The lack of knowledge and practices regarding basic infection control protocols should be improved by way of educational intervention, in the form of formal training of the doctors and nurses and reinforcement of the same. Although the incidence rate for nosocomial infection vary from country to country, at any given time, almost seven patients from developed countries to ten patients from developing countries out of each100 patients admitted to hospitals gain at least one kind of nosocomial infections [5]. Spearman correlation test showed no significant relationship between knowledge and practice level of the nurses in the whole research population. Knowledge and practices of nurses regarding nosocomial infection control measures in private hospitals in Sana’a City, Yemen Gamil Alrubaiee1*, Anisah Baharom1, Hayati Kadir Shahar1, Shaffe Mohd Daud2 and Huda Omar Basaleem3 Abstract Background: In the Yemeni healthcare setting, basic infection control measures are necessary to reduce the rates of hospital-associated infections. Greener J Med Sci. All nurses who were working in the selected private hospitals and involved in a direct contact with patients were invited to participate in this study. Correspondence to According to this issue, the health is as a final product of treatment goals in organization, side effects of treatment such as infects is more considerable and the time of ramifications is more important in hospital organization (1). Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia, Gamil Alrubaiee, Anisah Baharom & Hayati Kadir Shahar, Department of Foundations of Education, Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia, Department of Community Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Aden, Aden, Yemen, You can also search for this author in Lai CY, The study assessed the knowledge of healthcare workers on nosocomial infections in secondary health institutions in Zaria local government area of Kaduna State, Nigeria. 2010;11(2). Conclusion: The total mean score of student nurses' nosocomial infection level of knowledge was found to be above the moderate level. [18] in Nigeria, and Reda et al. PubMed  -84 Nurses' knowledge about hospital infection prevention and control is reported differently and sometimes paradoxically. 2003; 8(31) : 41 The knowledge level in these studies was (12.9, 10, and 37.7%), respectively. However, the results of the current study suggested that the majority of units under study had inadequate knowledge about controlling hospital infections. -5 Based on the results of the present study, the majority of the Yemeni participating nurses were 25 years old and above (71.8%). [PubMed], Wolf R, Lewis D, Cochran R, Chesley R. . Alhazmi MA, A face-to-face interview gathered the following information: demographic and practice characteristics; knowledge about the healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and the disinfection practices; attitudes towards the utility of guidelines/protocols … Intensive care unit acquired infection: a prevalence and impact on morbidity and mortality. Nurses in all roles and settings can demonstrate leadership in infection prevention and control by using their knowledge, skill and judgment to initiate appropriate and immediate infection control procedures. The gaps in knowledge and practices regarding NI control measures indicate the need to establish a related health care policy regarding NIs and implement a regular training program to upgrade and refresh the nurses’ knowledge and practices regarding NI control measures. Rate and risk factors of surgical site infections with antibiotic prophylaxis. The problems of NIs and the ways to prevent them are influenced by factors such as employing aggressive methods, repeated changes in medical and surgical methods, changes in medical compounds, antibiotic treatment and formation of resistant micro-organisms (14). 2010;17(3):204–9. , * By using this website, you agree to our J Educ Pract. This contrast in results could be due to the difference in setting and targeted group from study to another study. The knowledge of the nurses surveyed depends mainly on age, seniority and education. In contrast, such result is inconsistent with the result reported by Fashafsheh et al. Nurses' degree of knowledge concerning hospital infections depends on various factors, including personal and educational features, attending educational courses and also management and motivation factors; as Gold stressed on continuous educational courses (24). The collected data were analyzed by SPSS (version 22.0). Knowledgeand Attitudes of Nurses Regarding HIV/AIDS (Tehran–2010). 3. J Adv Nurs. -61 A non-probability sample of 100 nurses working in the private hospitals located in the capital city of Yemen was selected as study participants. In other words, in many Middle East countries, cultural and Islamic perspectives still prevent female nurses from working in the night shift or working in the male’s wards. Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Nurs Health Stud. Risk factors for nosocomial infection in a neonatal intensive care unit. Knowledge and practice of universal precautions among professionals in public and private health facilities in Uyo, Southern Nigeria—a comparative study. Materials and Methods: The study had an experimental research design. 2006; 27(6) : 571 There was a significant correlation between sex and performance of the participants (P = 0.014). The inclusion criteria in the research was at least one year of job experiences, and holding a bachelor degree and the exclusion criteria was the unwillingness of subjects to participate in this research. [25] which showed that the level of practice was more than 75%. Lastly, the participants were asked to sign a written consent. et al. Therefore, this study determined the knowledge, attitude and practices of nurses in infection prevention and control within a tertiary hospital in Nigeria. Discussion: This study contributes to the lack of a nosocomial infection control educational module for nurses in Yemen. This result is compatible with the result obtained by Fashafsheh et al. Nurses are the largest therapeutic team in hospitals (16, 17). ISBN, 978(92), 4. 2004; Cheraghi MA, Nejad EM, Begjani J, Rabirad N, Ehsani SR, Kaji MA. Google Scholar. Abdulraheem I, Amodu M, Saka M, Bolarinwa O, Uthman M. Knowledge, awareness and compliance with standard precautions among health workers in north eastearn Nigeria. 1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM. Afr J Clin Exp Microbiol. Around two thirds of the nurses (64.7%) had attended training courses, whereas 78.8% of them had working experience in infection control. Knowledge and practice of standard precautions among health care workers in the Federal Medical Centre, Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria. Lweis-Bell K, -50, Figueroa JP, The research showed that nurses with shorter seniority and younger have broader knowledge regarding prevention of nosocomial infections, they more often know the definition of nosocomial infection and more frequently use protective clothes and Participants’ total scores ranging between 0 and 20 were classified into three categories of weak (0-6), intermediate (7-13) and good (14-20) and the knowledge score ranged between 0 and 20. Delgado MA, This could be an indication of the existing contrast between theory and practice, which reflects the need for linking theoretical to practical aspects in curriculum addressing infection control measures. The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Allegranzi B, et al. 2006; 34(5) : 64 In this cross-sectional study 224 nurses were selected by random sampling from three teaching hospitals. In relation Regular educational programs on infection control, standard and transmission-based precautions and ward … [DOI], Chan R, [20] reported that most of the study participants were females. Majority (57.5%) of the respondents were aware of nosocomial infections as an infection that manifests after 48 hours of hospital admission. Alvarado F, The data collection tool was a three-part questionnaire. Isara A, Ofili A. Ducel, G., Fabry, J., & Nicolle, L. (2002). Teshager, F. A., Engeda, E. H., & Worku, W. Z. . Garcia S, Part of Finally, the current study results emphasized to develop a national database system to assess knowledge and practices regarding basic infection control protocols, which provide the necessary data to targeted courses and educational interventions. Health promotion in hospitals: the attitudes, beliefs and practices of hospital nurses. Responses to knowledge and practice questions were reported as descriptive statistics (frequency, mean, median and standard deviation). This study is currently ongoing and at the analysis stage. Is HIV/STD control in Jamaica making a difference? This study confirms findings from the literature that infection control knowledge among nurses is fairly good, but a wide range of improvements is needed. [DOI][PubMed], Sax H, Allegranzi B, Chraiti MN, Boyce J, Larson E, Pittet D. The World Health Organization hand hygiene observation method. Therefore it is necessary that the health care work should have awareness about the nosocomial infection. The above-mentioned results are in line with the results obtained from the study by Chan et al. Google Scholar. The results of the study showed that the majority of the nurses (61.2%) were males and they were the age group of 25 years and above (71.8%). Public Health Rep. 2007; 122(2) : 160 [16] as it was 91.14%, but it is higher than what was found in many other studies [18, 20, 26, 27] as this level of practice accounted for 20, 48.7, 55.3, and 57.5%, respectively. A non-probability sample of 100 nurses working in the private hospitals located in the capital city of Yemen was selected as study participants. A Hospital-based cross-sectional … 909 Accesses. Shinde MB, Mohite VR. 1). Pollock DA, 1 Self-assessment of nurses’ knowledge is much higher than proved in the study performed. Accordingly, they should be aware of how to prevent transmission of NIs and be knowledgeable of its potential risk to patients, other staff, and as visitors. Such result indicates that new employees seem to be more cooperative than senior ones to participate in research. The maximum and minimum scores for each section vary based on the number of items in each section. Abstract . This study examined the knowledge and practice of healthcare workers on infection prevention and its associated factors among health professionals working at Debre Markos Referral Hospital. Ceballos K, Waterman K, Hulett T, Makic MB. Amon JJ, Out of 100 distributed questionnaires, 85 questionnaires were filled completely and included in the final analysis, thus making up a response rate of 85%. J Adv Nurs. J Community Med Health Edu. Korean Journal of Nosocomial Infection … Knowledge and practice of surgical site infection prevention activities among nurses working in Gondar and Debre Markos Referral Hospitals were found to be low. Int J Adv Nurs Stud. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited. 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