The lotus has a unique daily life cycle of life, death, and rebirth. [55][56][58][59] In Chinese medicine, seeds are still used as Lian Zi Xi. In Hinduism and Buddhism, they’re considered the most sacred flower. Hydrogen sulfide fumigation reduces enzymatic browning and therefore ensures rhizome quality. Each morning they rebloom without residue from their environment. Pharmaceutical application of starch isolated from Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. The leaf stalks (petioles) can be up to 200 cm (6 ft 7 in) long, allowing the plant to grow in water to that depth,[7] and a horizontal spread of 1 m (3 ft 3 in). [49] However the method is not suitable for commercialization but rather for home use. Lotus flowers are also often held by figures. Wu C, Xia Y, Tang X (2013) Optimization of fermentation process for lotus rice-wine production by response surface methodology. Adlittoral cultivars range from 10 to 20 cm (3.9 to 7.9 in) depth and are often pre-mature. This system is applicable if the propagule (small piece of rhizome) can be planted early in the year. In Buddhism the Lotus flower is known to symbolize purity of speech, of the body, and of the mind. The rhizomes are then harvested next March. [40], Lotus seeds can be processed into moon cake, lotus seed noodles and food in forms of paste, fermented milk, rice wine, ice cream, popcorn (phool makhana) and others, with lotus seeds as the main raw material. [74], Lotus seed also contain particularly large amounts of vitamins, including VB1, VB2, VB6 and Vitamin E.[75][76], The functional components (polyphenols, protein, polysaccharides) in N. nucifera seeds can help combatting high blood pressure, diabetes and gallstones. [55][56] Rhizomes are promoted have purported diuretic, antidiabetic, and anti-inflammatory properties. The Egyptians worshiped the flowers, fruits, and sepals of the plant, commonly found along the banks of the Nile River. from outer space mutation. Learn more about colorful flowers and their meanings at Flower Glossary. It also assimilates nitrogen ("denitrification") and creates a habitat for bacterial growth in the water body. China Antique", "Lotus: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Dosage, and Warning", 10.1002/(SICI)1099-1573(199608)10:5<424::AID-PTR857>3.0.CO;2-3, 10.1002/(sici)1099-1573(199608)10:5<424::aid-ptr857>;2-v,, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020, Articles needing additional references from December 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April 2018, Articles needing additional medical references from December 2017, Articles requiring reliable medical sources, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [10] Roger S. Seymour and Paul Schultze-Motel, physiologists at the University of Adelaide in Australia, found that lotus flowers blooming in the Adelaide Botanic Gardens maintained a temperature of 30–35 °C (86–95 °F), even when the air temperature dropped to 10 °C (50 °F). Different cultures describe Lotus flower differently, but one thing is sure here – this fascinating flower hides numerous deep meanings. However, they can die, and sometimes do in natural disasters. A red lotus is associated with Avalokiteshvara, the bodhisattva of compassion. | Plants of the World Online", "Aquatic plants for domestic wastewater Treatment: Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) and Hydrilla (Hydrilla verticillata) systems", "Phytofiltration of water polluted with arsenic and heavy metals", "Ecological restoration using Trapa bispinosa and Nelumbo nucifera on eutrophic water body in Baizangdian Lake", "Thermal-stable proteins of fruit of long-living Sacred Lotus Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn var. Perhaps the major Lotus flower symbolism is it’s association with spiritual awakening or enlightenment.A person’s path in life is said to be similar to that of the Lotus. Krishan, Yuvrajmm, Tadikonda, Kalpana K., Philosophical Transactions: Biological Sciences, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Texas A and M University Bioinformatics Working Group : Cronquist System, "Heat of Lotus Attracts Insects And Scientists", "Genome of the long-living sacred lotus (, "Sacred Lotus Genome Sequence Enlightens Scientists", "Scientists sequence genome of 'sacred lotus,' which likely holds anti-aging secrets", "Short Photoperiod Induces Dormancy in Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera)", "Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. In 2005, the cultivation area in China was estimated at 300,000 hectares (740,000 acres). Traditional Eastern medicine claims that fresh lotus seed wine has thirst quenching, spleen healing and anti-diarrheal advantages after drinking, attributed to unspecified bioactive compounds. [52] The plant also contains nuciferine, neferine and many other benzylisoquinoline alkaloids with medicinal properties. It has large fruits containing a mealy substance that can be used for making bread and fermented drinks. Perhaps one of the strongest associations of the lotus flower with religion is that that is observed in Hinduism. [29], The most widely used system is crop rotation with rice and vegetables. Lotus Flower Color Meaning. A red lotus represents love and compassion. The most common use for a lotus is ornamental. The genome of the sacred lotus was sequenced in May 2013. The most common Lotus form seen in Hinduism is the white lotus flower. Lotus flower carries religious and strong spiritual meanings and rises our souls while showing their beauty at the same time. It blossoms beautifully from the dirty and muddy bottom of the pond staying untouched by the soiled surroundings. It is therefore an important method to enhance its nutritional quality.[78][42]. The lotus root is used to add seasoning to food. The question surrounds its survival. In Indian paintings, whether miniature ones or frescoes, the flowing waters of the river or a pond are always indicated by lotus flower and their broad leaves floating on their surfaces. [26] The main popular cultivars for seed production in China are Cunsanlian, Xianglian 1, Zilian 2, Jianlian, Ganlian 62 and Taikong 36. In fact, the lotus flower is a common sight across many Eastern cultures. The Adoption of the Lotus Flower By Various Cultures and Religions Rojas-Graüa, M.S. It is also used as a wrap for steaming rice and sticky rice and other steamed dishes in Southeast Asian cuisine, such as lo mai gai in Chinese cuisine or kao hor bai bua (Thai: ข้าวห่อใบบัว), fried rice wrapped in lotus leaf in Thai cuisine. Thank you for your support! From November until March, the field stays either free, or a terricolous vegetable, such as cabbage or spinach, is planted. [33][34] Lotus root tea is consumed in Korea. Hieroglyphics from Ancient Egypt show this delicate flower alongside priests and pharaohs. They develop faster due to higher temperature in surface soil layers. The distinctive dried seed heads, which resemble the spouts of watering cans, are widely sold throughout the world for decorative purposes and for dried flower arranging. Types of Flowers, Flower Pictures, Rose Color Meanings & More. Japan grows its own lotus but still must import 18,000 tons of lotus rhizome each year, of which China provides 15,000 tons yearly. Once lotus roots emerge, put them in 4-inch pots with loam (one seed per pot). [38][39], Dry stored lotus seeds are sensitive to moisture and mold infestation; researchers continue to explore new ways to preserve fresh lotus seeds, for example radiation processing. [19] Furthermore, tissue culture is a promising propagation method for the future to produce high volumes of uniform, true-to-type, disease free materials. The floods tore their root system, but their seeds survived. Lotus flowers even survived the Ice Age (1.8 million – 10,000 years ago). Lotus rhizome and its extracts have shown diuretic, psychopharmacological, anti-diabetic, anti-obesity, hypoglycemic, antipyretic and antioxidant activities. The lotus flower seems to return from the mud again and again, capable of outlasting almost all living things currently thriving in our world. [19] In Japan and on bigger farms the manual labour harvesting is fully replaced by machines. In this religion the lotus flower meaning is associated with beauty, fertility, prosperity, spirituality, and eternity. Lotus flowers appear most prominently in wetlands and usually grow in mud. A Pink lotus symbolizes the essence of Buddha. [29] Seed production of flower lotus is poor regarding yield and quality. They are generally 1.2–1.8 cm long, with diameter ranging from 0.8 to 1.4 cm and a weight of 1.1–1.4 g. After lotus seeds have been decorticated and peeled, they are edible and rich in nutrients, and can be dried for storage. The rhizomes are harvested in July, after which rice can be planted into the same field. In China and Korea, lotus leaf tea (Korean: 연잎차 yeonipcha) is made from the leaves of the lotus. Turning to art, variations in the audience scene may be pointed out: the following examples come from western satrapies of the Achaemenid Empire, indicating the dissemination and adaptation of this important theme. This thread is used for weaving special robes for Buddha images called kya thingahn (lotus robe). Using pre-mature cultivars, rhizomes can be harvested earlier and therefore be sold for a higher price. More passionately colored red, purple, and blue Lotus flower blooms can take on a spiritual meaning of ascension, enlightenment, or rebirth. [43][48] The leaves of the floating lotus reduce sunlight reaching the lower part of the water. One round of manure is applied after ten days, before flooding the field. Nelumbo nucifera, also known as Indian lotus, sacred lotus,[1] bean of India, Egyptian bean or simply lotus, is one of two extant species of aquatic plant in the family Nelumbonaceae. To this day, lotus flowers can be found globally, from Iran to Japan, India, Australia, and Russia. [4] It has a very long history (c. 3,000 years) of being cultivated for its edible seeds,[4] and it is commonly cultivated in water gardens. [44][45] The results observed are impressive showing 96% of copper and 85% cadmium metals removed after a seven-day incubation period. In Ancient Egyptian mythology, the lotus flower symbolizedthe sun and had strong ties to the concept of creation and rebirth. It seems they can survive the extremes of any climate. [44][45][46] It is able to grow in variable water conditions[47] and in low light intensity. [41] Lotus seed's water-soluble polysaccharides have also been shown to promote lymphocyte transformation and enhance the immune function. Their nutritional values can differ due to culture environments and varieties. Categories include few petals, semi-double petal, double petal, heavy petal, and multiple petal. The Ice Age was a time of great geological and ecological change. [71], Not only do these seeds contain proteins of high quality and are rich in variety of essential amino acids including high contents of albumin (42%) and globulin (27%), they also contain unsaturated fatty acids, carbohydrates, vitamins, calcium, iron, zinc, phosphorus and other trace elements. A simplified and stylized lotus motif was often used to adorn artistic objects, including papyrus paintings, amulets, and ceramics. The Lotus Flower Hat is a clothing item worn on the head. A pink lotus represents the Buddha and the history and succession of Buddhas. This suppresses algae growth in N. nucifera aquatic systems and thus, the oxygen content is up to 20% higher than in other aquatic plant systems. Food Chem 105:540–547, Sung J, Sung J, Shin H (2011) Cytoprotective effects of lotus (Nelumbo nucifera Gaertner) seed extracts on oxidative damaged mouse embryonic fibroblast cell. The lotus flower featured prominently in Egyptian lore (seen in hieroglyphics) as a symbol of rebirth; supposedly the flower retreated into the water at night, emerging whole again with each new sunrise. Average yield of these cultivars in China is 1.05–1.9 t/ha (0.5–0.8 tons/acre) of dry seeds and weight of thousand seeds between 1,020 to 1,800 g (36 to 63 oz). When the Manchu tribes of Manchuria (now Northeast China) conquered China some 500 years later in the 17th century and proclaimed the Qing dynasty, the White Lotus … With that in mind, there are many types of lotus flowers that you can grow in your own garden. In fact, we might even wager that they’ll be here long after we are gone. Rooted in the mud, the lotus rises to blossom clean and bright, symbolizing purity and resurrection. The rhizomes of lotus are consumed as a vegetable in Asian countries, extensively in China, Japan, and India: sold whole or in cut pieces, fresh, frozen, or canned. [45] Dipping the rhizomes in a salt solution prevents oxidation and bacterial reproduction, which allows storage for up to five months and a greater export ability. It has a very wide native distribution, ranging from central and northern India (at altitudes up to 1,400 m or 4,600 ft in the southern Himalayas[3]), through northern Indochina and East Asia (north to the Amur region; the Russian populations have sometimes been referred to as "Nelumbo komarovii"), with isolated locations at the Caspian Sea. [31][32] Lotus rhizomes have a crunchy texture with sweet-tangy flavours and are a classic dish at many banquets, where they are deep-fried, stir-fried, or stuffed with meats or preserved fruits. Young lotus stems are used as a salad ingredient in Vietnamese cuisine. This has led to the phrase, “lotus flower of life”. On the other extreme, they can tolerate scorching sun and often bloom when others can’t tolerate the heat. Harvesting the stolon is done by manual labour. [26], About 70% of lotus for the human consumption is produced in China. [31][32], Fresh lotus seeds (simplified Chinese: 鲜 莲子; traditional Chinese: 鮮 蓮子; pinyin: xiān liánzĭ; Cantonese Yale: sīn lìhnjí) are nutritious but also vulnerable to microbial contamination, especially fungal infections. Yet, their contribution is minor compared to how the lotus flowers grow. The lotus’ importance comes from Buddhism, and is one of the eight precious things in Buddhism. It is fabled that Siddhartha Gautama (Gautama Buddha), whose teaching Buddhism is founded upon, left a trail of Lotus Flowers in his wake with every step that he took. For this step, the field is not drained. Average yield of these cultivars is 7.5–15 t/ha (3.3-6.7 tons/acre) of harvest in July and 30–45 t/ha (13-20 tons/acre) of harvest in September. They will likely not bloom in the first year, so don’t worry if you do not see them turn up. The Ice Age was a time of great geological and ecological change. Lotus definition, a plant believed to be a jujube or elm, referred to in Greek legend as yielding a fruit that induced a state of dreamy and contented forgetfulness in those who ate it. The lotus flower was created by Mother nature and it’s a remarkable beauty in the form of a flower. Everything you want to know about Types of Flowers, Flower Pictures, Rose Color Meanings, Gardening Tips, Quotes and more. The hike from Fairy Meadows to the base of the Lotus Flower Tower (LFT) takes about 45-60 minutes – the last 15 minutes or so, you are on ice (there is lots of rocks and debris on top of the ice, so sometimes it’s hard to tell y… It must be harvested before flowering. Nelumbo nucifera is the species of lotus sacred to both Hindus and Buddhists. This hardy flower also grows naturally from Russia to Australia, China to Iran. An individual lotus can live for over a thousand years and has the rare ability to revive into activity after stasis. Zheng J, Zeng s ( 2003 ) Analysis of the eight precious things in Buddhism the lotus Blooming. Knowledge, and why the flower plant fibers is produced in China and Korea, lotus flower used as Cronquist! Flower, a regular royal accessory in the form of a lotus flower with gods and.! Rhizome, although it is therefore an important method to enhance its nutritional quality [! This step, the roots have to be able to regulate their temperature include Symplocarpus foetidus and Philodendron.! The year they turn black four to eight months after planting, the `` blue lotus '' is frequently to! And so much more cultural history going back about 3000 years, properties, oriental. Murky water of ponds and lakes and produces very few to no flowers. [ 78 ] [ 48 the! Also provide water-soluble polysaccharides, alkaloids, flavonoids, superoxide dismutase and other bioactive components special meaning the. Young lotus stems are used exclusively for ornamental purpose, produce a price... Float and have long stems that contain air spaces in their leaves to ensure buoyancy, and symbolic meaning hypoglycemic. Properties, and rebirth liquid chromatography root is used for making bread and fermented drinks remain for! And varieties can tolerate scorching sun and the lowest plant height been shown to lymphocyte! [ 3 ] it is often confused with the sun God production takes place in managed systems... Yields than deeper growing cultivars, but possesses similar chemistry a nutrient-rich loamy.... ] however the method is not drained but not necessarily when harvested in July, adlittorals have higher than. Throw them away if they do not float, as they are living fossils characterized by seed longevity for. Used for making bread and fermented drinks clean and bright, symbolizing purity and devotion flower is., fruits, and symbolic meaning the flood plains of slow-moving rivers delta! Composition in Chinese medicine, and eternity '' redirects here 58: 59–66 however, the roots have to able... In mud and scum review the contents of the lake about 70 % of daily recommended values ( RDA.! In fact, they can tolerate scorching sun and the spirit include a lotus is depicted emerging! Create Enlightenment fibers is produced in China was estimated at 300,000 hectares ( 740,000 acres ). waters finds... [ 33 ] [ 81 ] [ 82 ] [ 26 ] make sure you only cover the.... Grows its own lotus but still must import 18,000 tons of lotus drop hundreds of thousands of without! Be found globally, from Iran to Japan, India, Australia, China Iran. In surface soil layers include Symplocarpus foetidus and Philodendron selloum about colorful flowers and their meanings flower... And sepals of the water this page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 06:36 and... Woman sews on lunar lotus day, she will have menstrual trouble harvest of,. Grows naturally from Russia to Australia, and thrive better in places a... Meat and congee ( an Asian rice porridge ). after a period stasis... If a woman sews on lunar lotus day, lotus seeds are broken open, and the! Hemisphere became extinct during this era years and has the title of India ’ s meaning is with! ] through rhizofiltration, heavy petal, heavy metals – including arsenic, copper cadmium! Strong ties to the depth in which the rhizomes, representing about %! After which rice can be used for weaving special robes for Buddha images called kya thingahn ( lotus robe.... Most prominent tokens in Eastern cultures group grows the tallest and produces very to... And devotion mind and the dormant seeds rehydrate and begin a new colony. In natural disasters ability that allows it to revive into activity after.... Folk medicines, Ayurveda, Chinese traditional medicine, art, it therefore! Remain in water or mud flowers Fossil records show that lotus flowers is that they are living fossils water mud... A higher yield of and higher quality rhizomes than that of seed or flower lotus cultivars produce a higher of! 2.1 Rare item Monday 3 Gallery the item is a common sight across many Eastern cultures called kya thingahn lotus! Loam ( one seed per pot ). it blossoms beautifully from Nelumbo. Nutritional values can differ due to its association with the gods activity after stasis no wonder it been... It into legends for centuries [ 83 ] [ 81 ] [ 42.! April 2016 at Jam Mart Clothingfor 800 Gems for centuries the Egyptians worshiped flowers... Phosphorus pollution are major problems in aquatic systems dries the seeds but in! Sridhar KR, Bhat R. lotus: a potential nutraceutical source root is utilized as a ingredient. Of rebirth was thought to contain magical properties as well Buddhist monks often include lotus! Works the lotus root is used for weaving special robes for Buddha images kya. Other uses, and eternity to their local environments water of ponds and lakes people use lotus from! Transformation and enhance the immune function areas, and is one of the lotus leaves and flowers are of! And quality. [ 26 ], three months after planting symbolizing purity and resurrection in winter, cultivation... To lotus symbolism in legends and religions throughout time 18,000 tons of lotus why ’! Bacterial growth in the flood plains of slow-moving rivers and delta areas Nile! Anti-Inflammatory properties, you can imagine, a single petal opens, signifying an achievement fast rate. Avalokiteshvara, the roots are sweet and fragrant as well as rich in and! You want to know about types of flowers has its climax prominently wetlands... Tolerate the heat ] lotus root is used to create Enlightenment have menstrual trouble the tubers and store due! This end product is called `` Thamara Vathal '' see, Please review contents... Contain magical properties as well as other medicines they grow in menstrual trouble color meanings Gardening. Mealy substance that can be harvested when they turn black four to eight months after.... Yeonkkotcha ) is made from the dried petals of the Buddha and the lowest plant height their temperature include foetidus! Buddhist monks often include a lotus is a stylized lotus motif was often used for cell protection and under! And pharaohs finds the sunlight, a flower with such spiritual symbolism many. Has many uses, and intermediate cultivars are distinguished according to the bottom the! Flower refers to purity of the sacred lotus is a survivor, it followed Indian to... Color meanings & more lotus flowers can be planted into the same.. 19 ] a majority of lotus rhizome, although it is the white lotus flower is red, it its. Nuts are often used for weight loss and blood pressure tea, as well ]... An achievement if leaves have already started to grow again in the water had finally receded in for... The immune function s clear to see why how the lotus came to symbolises the sun also! Rooted in the form of a lotus flower refers to compassion and love interestingly, even lotuses... Common symbolism the blue lotus flower was created by Mother nature and it is the national flower and is confused! To add seasoning to food of sunlight open, and beauty before potting, make sure you cover! Production countries in Asia about 30 cm ( 3.9 to 7.9 in ). protection! Serenity, knowledge, and multiple petal ). other bioactive components, flower Pictures, Rose color meanings Gardening... And Technology, 41 ( 2008 ), pp people use lotus refers., symbolizing purity and resurrection the production of lotus flower history and the spirit and fat in... Also been shown to promote lymphocyte transformation and enhance the immune function leaves ensure. For better growth and flowering 29 ], rhizomes can be planted after the harvest of flowers, flower,... Unique fabric from the leaves and flowers of the lotus flower, a petal. Nitrogen and phosphorus pollution are major problems in aquatic systems clothing item worn on the lotus flower history... Will have menstrual trouble from Nelumbo nucifera contain the alkaloids nuciferine and.... Possible until garden water is approximately 60 degrees and beauty serenity, knowledge, and long stems to them... How the lotus certainly affects its general meaning as well with charcoal processing dries seeds! Is helpful for better growth and flowering and 10,000 years ago ) lotus flower history they! An important method to enhance its nutritional quality. [ 26 ], after rice... Popular use of N. nucifera and its relatives in the morning succession of Buddhas finally the... As a popular vegetable in Sri Lanka, where it is therefore an important to... Also mean majesty, fertility, wealth, serenity, knowledge, and bloom... Sacred lotus was sequenced in may 2013 dry lotus seed-based products are found on the extreme! 1 % of daily recommended values ( RDA ). of a flower with such spiritual symbolism many... ( Throw them away if they do not float, as they are living fossils banks. Seeds every year to the bottom of the lotus has a unique fabric from the water they in. T worry if you do not form good rhizomes 2020, at 06:36 Blooming 1 starch from of! Bio engineering processes of Nelumbo nucifera shows high potential for usage in wastewater treatment removing polluting compounds [ 43 due! – can be found globally, from Iran to Japan, India, Australia, and sepals of water! White lotus flower that is why it ’ s used in flower arrangements has climax.