The lotus has a unique daily life cycle of life, death, and rebirth. [55][56][58][59] In Chinese medicine, seeds are still used as Lian Zi Xi. In Hinduism and Buddhism, they’re considered the most sacred flower. Hydrogen sulfide fumigation reduces enzymatic browning and therefore ensures rhizome quality. Each morning they rebloom without residue from their environment. Pharmaceutical application of starch isolated from Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. The leaf stalks (petioles) can be up to 200 cm (6 ft 7 in) long, allowing the plant to grow in water to that depth,[7] and a horizontal spread of 1 m (3 ft 3 in). [49] However the method is not suitable for commercialization but rather for home use. Lotus flowers are also often held by figures. Wu C, Xia Y, Tang X (2013) Optimization of fermentation process for lotus rice-wine production by response surface methodology. Adlittoral cultivars range from 10 to 20 cm (3.9 to 7.9 in) depth and are often pre-mature. This system is applicable if the propagule (small piece of rhizome) can be planted early in the year. In Buddhism the Lotus flower is known to symbolize purity of speech, of the body, and of the mind. The rhizomes are then harvested next March. [40], Lotus seeds can be processed into moon cake, lotus seed noodles and food in forms of paste, fermented milk, rice wine, ice cream, popcorn (phool makhana) and others, with lotus seeds as the main raw material. [74], Lotus seed also contain particularly large amounts of vitamins, including VB1, VB2, VB6 and Vitamin E.[75][76], The functional components (polyphenols, protein, polysaccharides) in N. nucifera seeds can help combatting high blood pressure, diabetes and gallstones. [55][56] Rhizomes are promoted have purported diuretic, antidiabetic, and anti-inflammatory properties. The Egyptians worshiped the flowers, fruits, and sepals of the plant, commonly found along the banks of the Nile River. from outer space mutation. Learn more about colorful flowers and their meanings at Flower Glossary. It also assimilates nitrogen ("denitrification") and creates a habitat for bacterial growth in the water body. China Antique", "Lotus: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Dosage, and Warning", 10.1002/(SICI)1099-1573(199608)10:5<424::AID-PTR857>3.0.CO;2-3, 10.1002/(sici)1099-1573(199608)10:5<424::aid-ptr857>3.3.co;2-v, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nelumbo_nucifera&oldid=992997877, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020, Articles needing additional references from December 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April 2018, Articles needing additional medical references from December 2017, Articles requiring reliable medical sources, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [10] Roger S. Seymour and Paul Schultze-Motel, physiologists at the University of Adelaide in Australia, found that lotus flowers blooming in the Adelaide Botanic Gardens maintained a temperature of 30–35 °C (86–95 °F), even when the air temperature dropped to 10 °C (50 °F). Different cultures describe Lotus flower differently, but one thing is sure here – this fascinating flower hides numerous deep meanings. However, they can die, and sometimes do in natural disasters. A red lotus is associated with Avalokiteshvara, the bodhisattva of compassion. | Plants of the World Online", "Aquatic plants for domestic wastewater Treatment: Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) and Hydrilla (Hydrilla verticillata) systems", "Phytofiltration of water polluted with arsenic and heavy metals", "Ecological restoration using Trapa bispinosa and Nelumbo nucifera on eutrophic water body in Baizangdian Lake", "Thermal-stable proteins of fruit of long-living Sacred Lotus Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn var. Perhaps the major Lotus flower symbolism is it’s association with spiritual awakening or enlightenment.A person’s path in life is said to be similar to that of the Lotus. Krishan, Yuvrajmm, Tadikonda, Kalpana K., Philosophical Transactions: Biological Sciences, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Texas A and M University Bioinformatics Working Group : Cronquist System, "Heat of Lotus Attracts Insects And Scientists", "Genome of the long-living sacred lotus (, "Sacred Lotus Genome Sequence Enlightens Scientists", "Scientists sequence genome of 'sacred lotus,' which likely holds anti-aging secrets", "Short Photoperiod Induces Dormancy in Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera)", "Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. In 2005, the cultivation area in China was estimated at 300,000 hectares (740,000 acres). Traditional Eastern medicine claims that fresh lotus seed wine has thirst quenching, spleen healing and anti-diarrheal advantages after drinking, attributed to unspecified bioactive compounds. [52] The plant also contains nuciferine, neferine and many other benzylisoquinoline alkaloids with medicinal properties. It has large fruits containing a mealy substance that can be used for making bread and fermented drinks. Perhaps one of the strongest associations of the lotus flower with religion is that that is observed in Hinduism. [29], The most widely used system is crop rotation with rice and vegetables. Lotus Flower Color Meaning. A red lotus represents love and compassion. The most common use for a lotus is ornamental. The genome of the sacred lotus was sequenced in May 2013. The most common Lotus form seen in Hinduism is the white lotus flower. Lotus flower carries religious and strong spiritual meanings and rises our souls while showing their beauty at the same time. It blossoms beautifully from the dirty and muddy bottom of the pond staying untouched by the soiled surroundings. It is therefore an important method to enhance its nutritional quality.[78][42]. The lotus root is used to add seasoning to food. The question surrounds its survival. In Indian paintings, whether miniature ones or frescoes, the flowing waters of the river or a pond are always indicated by lotus flower and their broad leaves floating on their surfaces. [26] The main popular cultivars for seed production in China are Cunsanlian, Xianglian 1, Zilian 2, Jianlian, Ganlian 62 and Taikong 36. In fact, the lotus flower is a common sight across many Eastern cultures. The Adoption of the Lotus Flower By Various Cultures and Religions Rojas-Graüa, M.S. It is also used as a wrap for steaming rice and sticky rice and other steamed dishes in Southeast Asian cuisine, such as lo mai gai in Chinese cuisine or kao hor bai bua (Thai: ข้าวห่อใบบัว), fried rice wrapped in lotus leaf in Thai cuisine. Thank you for your support! From November until March, the field stays either free, or a terricolous vegetable, such as cabbage or spinach, is planted. [33][34] Lotus root tea is consumed in Korea. Hieroglyphics from Ancient Egypt show this delicate flower alongside priests and pharaohs. They develop faster due to higher temperature in surface soil layers. The distinctive dried seed heads, which resemble the spouts of watering cans, are widely sold throughout the world for decorative purposes and for dried flower arranging. Types of Flowers, Flower Pictures, Rose Color Meanings & More. Japan grows its own lotus but still must import 18,000 tons of lotus rhizome each year, of which China provides 15,000 tons yearly. Once lotus roots emerge, put them in 4-inch pots with loam (one seed per pot). [38][39], Dry stored lotus seeds are sensitive to moisture and mold infestation; researchers continue to explore new ways to preserve fresh lotus seeds, for example radiation processing. [19] Furthermore, tissue culture is a promising propagation method for the future to produce high volumes of uniform, true-to-type, disease free materials. The floods tore their root system, but their seeds survived. Lotus flowers even survived the Ice Age (1.8 million – 10,000 years ago). Lotus rhizome and its extracts have shown diuretic, psychopharmacological, anti-diabetic, anti-obesity, hypoglycemic, antipyretic and antioxidant activities. The lotus flower seems to return from the mud again and again, capable of outlasting almost all living things currently thriving in our world. [19] In Japan and on bigger farms the manual labour harvesting is fully replaced by machines. In this religion the lotus flower meaning is associated with beauty, fertility, prosperity, spirituality, and eternity. Lotus flowers appear most prominently in wetlands and usually grow in mud. A Pink lotus symbolizes the essence of Buddha. [29] Seed production of flower lotus is poor regarding yield and quality. They are generally 1.2–1.8 cm long, with diameter ranging from 0.8 to 1.4 cm and a weight of 1.1–1.4 g. After lotus seeds have been decorticated and peeled, they are edible and rich in nutrients, and can be dried for storage. The rhizomes are harvested in July, after which rice can be planted into the same field. In China and Korea, lotus leaf tea (Korean: 연잎차 yeonipcha) is made from the leaves of the lotus. Turning to art, variations in the audience scene may be pointed out: the following examples come from western satrapies of the Achaemenid Empire, indicating the dissemination and adaptation of this important theme. This thread is used for weaving special robes for Buddha images called kya thingahn (lotus robe). Using pre-mature cultivars, rhizomes can be harvested earlier and therefore be sold for a higher price. More passionately colored red, purple, and blue Lotus flower blooms can take on a spiritual meaning of ascension, enlightenment, or rebirth. [43][48] The leaves of the floating lotus reduce sunlight reaching the lower part of the water. One round of manure is applied after ten days, before flooding the field. Nelumbo nucifera, also known as Indian lotus, sacred lotus,[1] bean of India, Egyptian bean or simply lotus, is one of two extant species of aquatic plant in the family Nelumbonaceae. To this day, lotus flowers can be found globally, from Iran to Japan, India, Australia, and Russia. [4] It has a very long history (c. 3,000 years) of being cultivated for its edible seeds,[4] and it is commonly cultivated in water gardens. [44][45] The results observed are impressive showing 96% of copper and 85% cadmium metals removed after a seven-day incubation period. In Ancient Egyptian mythology, the lotus flower symbolizedthe sun and had strong ties to the concept of creation and rebirth. It seems they can survive the extremes of any climate. [44][45][46] It is able to grow in variable water conditions[47] and in low light intensity. [41] Lotus seed's water-soluble polysaccharides have also been shown to promote lymphocyte transformation and enhance the immune function. Their nutritional values can differ due to culture environments and varieties. Categories include few petals, semi-double petal, double petal, heavy petal, and multiple petal. The Ice Age was a time of great geological and ecological change. [71], Not only do these seeds contain proteins of high quality and are rich in variety of essential amino acids including high contents of albumin (42%) and globulin (27%), they also contain unsaturated fatty acids, carbohydrates, vitamins, calcium, iron, zinc, phosphorus and other trace elements. A simplified and stylized lotus motif was often used to adorn artistic objects, including papyrus paintings, amulets, and ceramics. The Lotus Flower Hat is a clothing item worn on the head. A pink lotus represents the Buddha and the history and succession of Buddhas. This suppresses algae growth in N. nucifera aquatic systems and thus, the oxygen content is up to 20% higher than in other aquatic plant systems. Food Chem 105:540–547, Sung J, Sung J, Shin H (2011) Cytoprotective effects of lotus (Nelumbo nucifera Gaertner) seed extracts on oxidative damaged mouse embryonic fibroblast cell. The lotus flower featured prominently in Egyptian lore (seen in hieroglyphics) as a symbol of rebirth; supposedly the flower retreated into the water at night, emerging whole again with each new sunrise. Average yield of these cultivars in China is 1.05–1.9 t/ha (0.5–0.8 tons/acre) of dry seeds and weight of thousand seeds between 1,020 to 1,800 g (36 to 63 oz). When the Manchu tribes of Manchuria (now Northeast China) conquered China some 500 years later in the 17th century and proclaimed the Qing dynasty, the White Lotus … With that in mind, there are many types of lotus flowers that you can grow in your own garden. In fact, we might even wager that they’ll be here long after we are gone. Rooted in the mud, the lotus rises to blossom clean and bright, symbolizing purity and resurrection. The rhizomes of lotus are consumed as a vegetable in Asian countries, extensively in China, Japan, and India: sold whole or in cut pieces, fresh, frozen, or canned. [45] Dipping the rhizomes in a salt solution prevents oxidation and bacterial reproduction, which allows storage for up to five months and a greater export ability. It has a very wide native distribution, ranging from central and northern India (at altitudes up to 1,400 m or 4,600 ft in the southern Himalayas[3]), through northern Indochina and East Asia (north to the Amur region; the Russian populations have sometimes been referred to as "Nelumbo komarovii"), with isolated locations at the Caspian Sea. [31][32] Lotus rhizomes have a crunchy texture with sweet-tangy flavours and are a classic dish at many banquets, where they are deep-fried, stir-fried, or stuffed with meats or preserved fruits. Young lotus stems are used as a salad ingredient in Vietnamese cuisine. This has led to the phrase, “lotus flower of life”. On the other extreme, they can tolerate scorching sun and often bloom when others can’t tolerate the heat. Harvesting the stolon is done by manual labour. [26], About 70% of lotus for the human consumption is produced in China. [31][32], Fresh lotus seeds (simplified Chinese: 鲜 莲子; traditional Chinese: 鮮 蓮子; pinyin: xiān liánzĭ; Cantonese Yale: sīn lìhnjí) are nutritious but also vulnerable to microbial contamination, especially fungal infections. Yet, their contribution is minor compared to how the lotus flowers grow. The lotus’ importance comes from Buddhism, and is one of the eight precious things in Buddhism. It is fabled that Siddhartha Gautama (Gautama Buddha), whose teaching Buddhism is founded upon, left a trail of Lotus Flowers in his wake with every step that he took. For this step, the field is not drained. Average yield of these cultivars is 7.5–15 t/ha (3.3-6.7 tons/acre) of harvest in July and 30–45 t/ha (13-20 tons/acre) of harvest in September. They will likely not bloom in the first year, so don’t worry if you do not see them turn up. The Ice Age was a time of great geological and ecological change. Lotus definition, a plant believed to be a jujube or elm, referred to in Greek legend as yielding a fruit that induced a state of dreamy and contented forgetfulness in those who ate it. The lotus flower was created by Mother nature and it’s a remarkable beauty in the form of a flower. Everything you want to know about Types of Flowers, Flower Pictures, Rose Color Meanings, Gardening Tips, Quotes and more. The hike from Fairy Meadows to the base of the Lotus Flower Tower (LFT) takes about 45-60 minutes – the last 15 minutes or so, you are on ice (there is lots of rocks and debris on top of the ice, so sometimes it’s hard to tell y… It must be harvested before flowering. Nelumbo nucifera is the species of lotus sacred to both Hindus and Buddhists. This hardy flower also grows naturally from Russia to Australia, China to Iran. An individual lotus can live for over a thousand years and has the rare ability to revive into activity after stasis. Zheng J, Zeng s ( 2003 ) Analysis of the eight precious things in Buddhism the lotus Blooming. Knowledge, and why the flower plant fibers is produced in China and Korea, lotus flower used as Cronquist! Flower, a regular royal accessory in the form of a lotus flower with gods and.! Rhizome, although it is therefore an important method to enhance its nutritional quality [! 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